What is Franz Marc known for?

Franz Marc, (born February 8, 1880, Munich, Germany—died March 4, 1916, near Verdun, France), German painter and printmaker who is known for the intense mysticism of his paintings of animals. He was a founding member of Der Blaue Reiter (“The Blue Rider”), an association of German Expressionist artists.

What techniques did Franz Marc use?

Artist In Context: Who Was Franz Marc?

Date of Birth 8 February 1880
Country of Birth Munich, Germany
Art Movements German Expressionism (Der Blaue Reiter)
Genre / Style Abstract, Symbolic
Mediums Used Woodcut, Lithography, Gouache, Oil paintings

Why did Franz Marc paint animals?

Franz Marc was a German Expressionist artist who was a founder of Der Blaue Reiter group. He painted animals as they symbolized an age of innocence.

How do I paint like Franz Marc?

Quote from video: So franz mark german so if you just write that down on the back of your work just because it's quite nice to remember to remind yourself who the artist is every time you do a drawing.

How does a horse see the world Franz Marc?

How does a horse see the world, how does an eagle, a doe, or a dog? It is a poverty-stricken convention to place animals into landscapes as seen by men; instead, we should contemplate the soul of the animal to divine its way of sight.” [In: Franz Marc, “How Does a Horse See the World?”, Theories of Modern Art.

Why did Franz Marc paint horses?

Before his early death in World War I, Marc used animal paintings to express a pantheistic vision of the harmony between animals and their natural environment.

Who created abstract expressionism?

The Abstract Expressionist movement itself is generally regarded as having begun with the paintings done by Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning in the late 1940s and early ’50s.

What elements of art does Franz Marc use?

Marc’s use of Cubist techniques allowed him to create the unmistakable feeling of tension without changing his approach to either color or subject matter. Still, his interest in the greater abstraction of the Cubists marks a distinct artistic departure.

What is the blue horse symbol of?

Blue Horses in symbolically bound to certain of the originating conceptions of the contemporaneous Blue rider group: in the symbol of the horse as a vehicle of breakthrough, in the emphasis on the spirituality of blue, and in the idea of spirituality battling materialism.

Where is Foxes by Franz Marc?

Fox, also known as Blue and Black Fox or Blue Fox, is an oil on canvas painting by Franz Marc, from 1911. It is part of the collection of the Von der Heydt Museum in Wuppertal.

What is the meaning of Large Blue Horses?

The three blue horses were intended to portray peaceful harmony, contrasted with the violence and aggression of the red hills behind them. Marc died of a shrapnel wound while serving in the German army in 1916, but before he died he told his wife that the painting was a premonition of the war.

How did Franz Marc died?

After mobilization of the German Army, the government identified notable artists to be withdrawn from combat for their own safety. Marc was on the list but was struck in the head and killed instantly by a shell splinter during the Battle of Verdun in 1916 before orders for reassignment could reach him.

Why did Franz Marc paint horses?

Before his early death in World War I, Marc used animal paintings to express a pantheistic vision of the harmony between animals and their natural environment.

What challenges did Franz Marc face?

Marc suffered from severe depression from 1904 to 1907. In 1907 he went again to Paris, where he responded enthusiastically to the work of Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, the Cubists, and the Expressionists; later, he was impressed by the Henri Matisse exhibition in Munich in 1910.

What did the Blue Riders believe?

Kandinsky’s search for a spiritual language for art ultimately led him to abstraction, believing that colours and forms could purify the soul. Marc’s mysticism centred on the idea of the innocence of animals symbolising a return to an earthly paradise.

What does the Blue Rider represent?

The name Blaue Reiter (“blue rider”) refers to a key motif in Kandinsky’s work: the horse and rider, which was for him a symbol for moving beyond realistic representation. The horse was also a prominent subject in Marc’s work, which centered on animals as symbols of rebirth.

What is the Blue Rider movement?

The Blue Rider was an association of artists located in and around Munich. The art group was founded by Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc in 1911. Together with another group of artists, The Bridge, centered around Berlin, they represented the movement of German Expressionism.

What did the Blue Rider group do?

Der Blaue Reiter or The Blue Rider Group was founded in Munich, Germany in response against “traditional” methods of art. Their art explored the relationships between art, music, color, and spiritualism. Even though the group was short-lived their art and ideas contributed to the development of German Expressionism.

Who was the leader of the Blue Rider group?

(The Blue Rider) Formed in 1911 in Munich as an association of painters and an exhibiting society led by Vasily Kandinsky and Franz Marc.

What is the Blue Rider Almanac?

The Blue Rider Almanac refers to the riders in popular myths and also to Saint George. For Kandinsky, the rider is a metaphor for the artist: “The horse carries its rider with vigor and speed. But it is the rider who steers the horse.

Who founded a group called the Blue writer?

As a result, Der Blaue Reiter was short-lived, lasting for only three years from 1911 to 1914. Supported by their dealer Galka Scheyer, Kandinsky, Feininger, Klee and Alexej von Jawlensky formed Die Blaue Vier (the Blue Four) group in 1923.

What does the color blue represent to Kandinsky?

Kandinsky’s color theory outlined in his book, Concerning the Spiritual in Art, discussed that there are emotions and sensations tied to each color. For example, red evokes the impression of fire, which can be warm or even painful. Blue hues are cool, evoking something deep, innermost, or supernatural.