What is the flight alphabet?

The ICAO phonetic alphabet has assigned the 26 code words to the 26 letters of the English alphabet in alphabetical order: Alfa, Bravo, Charlie, Delta, Echo, Foxtrot, Golf, Hotel, India, Juliett, Kilo, Lima, Mike, November, Oscar, Papa, Quebec, Romeo, Sierra, Tango, Uniform, Victor, Whiskey, X-ray, Yankee, Zulu.

What is the airport alphabet called?

This special jargon, called the Aviation Alphabet, uses the same 26 letters many of us learned in kindergarten. Each letter has a corresponding word used to identify aircraft, often called the tail number, and taxiways, which are just like the roads we drive on.

What is the aviation alphabet used for?

Because certain letters sound very similar, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) created the International Radiotelephony Spelling Alphabet. In order to be sure that letters are pronounced and understood correctly, no matter what language is spoken, the aviation alphabet helps to avoid mistakes.

What is Z in aviation alphabet?

ICAO Phonetic Alphabet Table

L/N* Word Morse
L/N* X Word X-Ray Morse -..-
L/N* Y Word Yankee Morse -.–
L/N* Z Word Zulu Morse –..
L/N* 1 Word One Morse .—-

What is P in the pilot alphabet?


P Papa Pah Pah
Q Quebec Keh beck
R Romeo Row me oh
S Sierra See air rah

Why do pilots say Charlie?

Charlie-Charlie is a fancy substitution for a standard affirmative and accepted non-standard words roger and wilco. Standard phraseology is meant to prevent confusion, and has been improved after incidents/accidents where the communication between parties played a role.

What is the pilot language?

Aviation English is the de facto international language of civil aviation. With the expansion of air travel in the 20th century, there were safety concerns about the ability of pilots and air traffic controllers to communicate.

What is Y in aviation?

Y. ▬ • ▬ ▬ Yankee. (YANK-KEY)

What is G in aviation?

Acceleration is described in units of the force called “Gs.” A pilot in a steep turn may experience forces of acceleration equivalent to many times the force of gravity. This is especially true in military fighter jets and high-performance, aerobatic aircraft where the acceleration forces may be as high as 9 Gs.

What is C of R in aviation?

as per rule 35 of Aircraft rules 1937. 4.3 The Certificate of registration, when issued, shall include information on the type of Hot Air balloon, constructor’s serial number, nationality, registration markings assigned, the number and date of registration. A copy of this C of R shall be kept on board during flight.

How do you greet a pilot?

Ladies and gentlemen, good morning / afternoon / evening. Welcome on board (flight reference). This is Captain / Co-pilot (your name) speaking and I have some information about our flight.

Why do pilots say Niner?

Aviators often speak “pilot English” to avoid miscommunications over radio transmission. “Tree” for instance, means three, “fife” is the number five and “niner” means nine, says Tom Zecha, a manager at AOPA. The variations stemmed from a desire to avoid confusion between similar-sounding numbers, he says.

What pilot says before takeoff?

There is an announcement like: “Flight attendants, prepare for take-off please.” “Cabin crew, please take your seats for take-off.” Within a minute after take-off, an announcement might be made reminding passengers to keep their seat belts fastened.

What does P mean in aircraft?

pursuit aircraft

(Note: The U.S. Army Air Service used the term “P” for pursuit aircraft, adapted from the French Avion de Chasse for pursuit or hunt airplane. After World War II, the term fighter was formally adopted by the USAF with the designator “F.”)

What does V stand for in aviation?

To be precise, though, the word velocity means “speed in a particular direction.” Technically, V stands for “vitesse,” another aviation term bor- rowed from the French; “vitesse” being the French word for “speed” or “rate.”

What does N mean in aviation?

nationality designator

The U.S. received the “N” as its nationality designator under the International Air Navigation Convention, held in 1919. The Convention prescribed an aircraft-marking scheme of a single letter indicating nationality followed by a hyphen and four identity letters (for example, G-REMS).

Why do pilots say Niner?

Aviators often speak “pilot English” to avoid miscommunications over radio transmission. “Tree” for instance, means three, “fife” is the number five and “niner” means nine, says Tom Zecha, a manager at AOPA. The variations stemmed from a desire to avoid confusion between similar-sounding numbers, he says.

What do taxiway letters mean?

The yellow panels indicate directions: taxiway R is straight ahead, B continues to the right in the direction of the arrow, and taxiway F requires a right turn.

How are airport taxiways named?

Taxiways are normally given a letter name; as an example, Taxiway A would be known as Taxiway Alpha (using use the phonetic alphabet). Runways have numbers such as Runway 18 (one eight). This standardization allows for pilots to understand complex taxi instructions and comply with them.

What are the 4 types of taxiways?


  • Taxiways.
  • Functions:
  • Types of Taxiways: Entrance taxiways (blue in colour): Perpendicular to the runway which connects to a parallel taxiway. Parallel taxiways (Yellow in colour): Aligned parallel to an adjacent runway. …
  • Number of taxiway(s) present:

How do you read airport signs?

Airport signs with letters denote taxiways, while numbers indicate runways, according to The Points Guy. Black airport signs with yellow letters indicate that you’re already on the taxiway it identifies. So, if you see a yellow letter “B” on a black sign, you’re on taxiway B.

How do you read taxiway?

Quote from video: First you have the taxiway centerline which is a single solid yellow line which simply marks the center of the taxiway. Next you have the taxiway edge lines. These define the edges of the taxiway.

What does L and R mean on runways?

The ”L” and ”R” designate the relative position (left or right) of each runway respectively when approaching/facing its direction. A small number of airports have three parallel runways—the runway in the middle gets a “C” for center. During airport operations, runway number designations are pronounced individually.

What are the six basic types of airport signs?

There are six types of signs installed on airfields: mandatory instruction signs, location signs, direction signs, destination signs, information signs, and runway distance remaining signs.

What color are taxiway lights?

Taxiway centerline lights are steady burning and emit green light. Clearance Bar Lights. Clearance bar lights are installed at holding positions on taxiways in order to increase the conspicuity of the holding position in low visibility conditions.

What do the 4 lights on the runway mean?

Each lighting unit can provide red or white light output. If aircraft is too low to the ground, all four lights will be of red color. If aircraft is too high, all 4 lights will be of white color. So, the correct path is when two lights are white and two lights are red.

Why do runways use blue lights?

Airport taxiway lights are always blue. These lights guide the flight crew and vehicle drivers in low visibility conditions, which includes nighttime operations. In the dark, humans best see the color blue green, which is why taxiway edge lights are blue and centerline lighting is green.

What are runway lights called?

An approach lighting system (ALS) is a lighting system installed on the approach end of an airport runway and consisting of a series of lightbars, strobe lights, or a combination of the two that extends outward from the runway end.

What are the 4 components of an ILS?

Components of the ILS

  • Guidance Information. Navigational guidance is give by both the Localizer and the Glide Slope.
  • Range Information. Range guidance can be given by either marker beacons or DME.
  • Visual Information.

What are PAPI lights?

PAPI (precision approach path indicator) lights are a set of lights positioned beside the runway which provide pilots with a visual indicator of their aircraft’s position relative to the correct glidepath for the runway.