What does the colon mean in IPA?

Phonetic symbol In the International Phonetic Alphabet, a special triangular colon-like letter is used to indicate that the preceding consonant or vowel is long. Its form is that of two triangles pointing toward each other rather than the two dots of Americanist notation.

What do IPA symbols mean?

International Phonetic Alphabet

International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), an alphabet developed in the 19th century to accurately represent the pronunciation of languages.

What does an apostrophe mean in IPA?

The IPA apostrophe symbol usually means you stress the syllable AFTER the apostrophe. The ə symbol shows that there is the shortest possible vowel sound between two consonants. This is called the ‘schwa’. Any vowel (a, e, i, o or u) can become a schwa sound if it’s in an unstressed part of a sentence.

What symbol is the colon?


The colon is the symbol “:”. It is used in a number of different ways in mathematics. 1. To denote ratio or odds, as in 2:1 (voiced “two to one”).

Why is it called a colon?

The English word “colon” is from Latin colon ( pl. cola), itself from Ancient Greek κῶλον (kôlon), meaning “limb”, “member”, or “portion”. In Greek rhetoric and prosody, the term did not refer to punctuation but to the expression or passage itself. A “colon” was a section of a complete thought or passage.

What does ˈ mean in IPA?

Stress marks: In IPA, /ˈ/ indicates that the primary stressed syllable follows and /ˌ/ indicates the secondary stressed syllable follows, as in newspaper /ˈnuzˌpeɪ pər/ and information /ˌɪn fərˈmeɪ ʃən/.