1960sthe 1960s. It is a distinct style of art that creates the illusion of movement.
How did optical art develop?
The origins of Op Art go back to pre-war painting theories, including the constructivist ideas of the 1920s Bauhaus design school in Germany, which stressed the importance of the overall formal design, in creating a specific visual effect.
What is 1960s Op Art?
Op art was a major development of painting in the 1960s that used geometric forms to create optical effects. Bridget Riley. Untitled [Fragment 5/8] (1965) Tate. © Bridget Riley 2020.
Who created optical illusion art?
Victor Vasarely was a Hungarian-French Op who considered to be the creator of the earliest examples of Op art. Vasarely eventually went on to produce paintings and sculptures mainly focused on optical effects. Riley is an English painter who is one of the foremost proponents of 1960s Op art movement.
What is the characteristic of optical art?
Op art works are abstract, with many better known pieces created in black and white. Typically, they give the viewer the impression of movement, hidden images, flashing and vibrating patterns, or of swelling or warping.
What influenced optical art?
The antecedents of Op art, in terms of graphic and color effects, can be traced back to Neo-impressionism, Cubism, Futurism, Constructivism and Dada. On the other hand, some experts argue that the style represented a kind of abstract Pop art.
What new style of art emerged in the 1960s and why?
One of the most significant decades in 20th-century art, the 1960s saw the rise of Pop Art, Op Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Performance Art, and Feminist Art, among countless other styles and movements.
When was Op Art first done?
Op Art emerged concurrently with Kinetic Art; both were launched at Le Mouvement, a group exhibition at Galerie Denise Rene in Paris in 1955. Both styles were celebrated in the international survey exhibition in New York, The Responsive Eye in 1965.
In what decade did Op Art first start and become popular?
The principal artists of the Op art movement as it emerged in the late 1950s and ’60s were Victor Vasarely, Bridget Riley, Richard Anuszkiewicz, Larry Poons, and Jeffrey Steele.