The first use of recitative in opera was preceded by the monodies of the Florentine Camerata in which Vincenzo Galilei, father of the astronomer Galileo Galilei, played an important role.
What is recitative style in music?
recitative, style of monody (accompanied solo song) that emphasizes and indeed imitates the rhythms and accents of spoken language, rather than melody or musical motives. Modeled on oratory, recitative developed in the late 1500s in opposition to the polyphonic, or many-voiced, style of 16th-century choral music.
Where did the word recitative come from?
Introduction. The English word recitative is a cognate derived from the Italian recitativo, a substantive itself derived from an adjective, as in stile recitativo, and hence from the verb recitare (“to recite” and also “to present a drama or to act in one”).
What is recitative in Baroque opera?
Recitative: A speech-like manner of singing in a free rhythm – Recitativo secco (“dry recitative”) is a term that refers to speech-like singing accompanied sparsely by harpsichord. – Recitativo obbligato is a section of recitative that includes brief yet dramatic moments of orchestral support.
What are the two types of recitative?
There are two types of recitative found in opera, secco recitative, and accompagnato. Secco recitative (dry recitation) is a speech-like setting often of substantial amounts of dialogue.
What is Henry Purcell best known for?
Henry Purcell, (born c. 1659, London, England—died November 21, 1695, London), English composer of the middle Baroque period, most remembered for his more than 100 songs; a tragic opera, Dido and Aeneas; and his incidental music to a version of Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream called The Fairy Queen.
Who invented Ritornello?
composer Giovanni Gabrieli
The ritornello as a recurring tutti passage can be traced back to the music of sixteenth-century Venetian composer Giovanni Gabrieli. According to Richard Taruskin, these repeating passages are “endemic to the concertato style” which Gabrieli is credited with developing.
What did composer Giacomo Puccini do?
Giacomo Puccini, in full Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini, (born December 22, 1858, Lucca, Tuscany [Italy]—died November 29, 1924, Brussels, Belgium), Italian composer, one of the greatest exponents of operatic realism, who virtually brought the history of Italian opera to an end.
Who invented the leitmotif?
Richard Wagner is the earliest composer most specifically associated with the concept of leitmotif.