Why was Edouard Manet considered the most controversial artist in Paris in the 1860s?

However, Manet came across numerous critics during the 1860s. When the Salon des Refuses was formed, he decided to display his paintings that shocked several people. Primarily, it was the artist’s odd choice of subjects that bewildered critics such as the appearance of nude or barely-dressed women in his paintings.

Who created the controversial painting Olympia?

Olympia by Édouard Manet In Context

Artist Édouard Manet
Date Painted 1863
Medium Oil on canvas
Genre Genre painting
Period / Movement Realism, Impressionism