Theatre of the Absurd is a theatre genre that originated in the mid-twentieth century in Paris and spread to New York City. The genre was inspired by existentialist philosophy, most notably philosopher Albert Camus’s essay The Myth of Sisyphus, in which Camus wrote that absurdism defined human existence.
What started Theatre of the Absurd?
In fact, many of them were labelled as “anti-plays.” In an attempt to clarify and define this radical movement, Martin Esslin coined the term “The Theatre of the Absurd” in his 1960 book of the same name. He defined it as such, because all of the plays emphasized the absurdity of the human condition.
Who introduced Theatre of absurd?
critic Martin Esslin
But in theatre the word ‘absurdism’ is often used more specifically, to refer to primarily European drama written in the 1950s and 1960s by writers including Samuel Beckett, Eugène Ionesco, Jean Genet and Harold Pinter, often grouped together as ‘the theatre of the absurd’, a phrase coined by the critic Martin Esslin.
When did the absurdist movement start?
Some critics trace the roots of Absurdism back to the beginning of the twentieth century, but for most, the movement itself began at mid-century. Ruby Cohn, for instance, makes a claim for 1950—the year Ionesco’s The Bald Soprano first appeared on the French stage—as the starting point of Theatre of the Absurd.
What are 3 characteristics of Theatre of the Absurd?
The Theater of the Absurd has the features of anti-character, anti-language, anti-drama and anti-plot.
Who is the father of absurd play?
As the father of absurdist theatre, no examination of the form can take place without looking to Samuel Beckett, the Irish playwright known for Endgame and his most famous and successful play, Waiting for Godot.