Which artist pioneered a style known as combine painting?



The term is most closely associated with the artwork of American artist Robert Rauschenberg (1925–2008) who coined the phrase Combine to describe his own artworks that explore the boundary between art and the everyday world.

What kind of art is Robert Cottingham best known for?

urban American landscapes

Born in 1935 in Brooklyn, Robert Cottingham is known for his paintings and prints of urban American landscapes, particularly building facades, neon signs, movie marquees, and shop fronts. After serving in the U.S. Army from 1955 through 1958, he earned a BFA at Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, in 1963.

When did Rauschenberg start painting?





From 1970, Rauschenberg worked from his home and studio in Captiva, Florida. The first works he created in his new studio were Cardboards (1971–72) and Early Egyptians (1973–74), for which he relied on locally sourced materials such as cardboard and sand.

Who was Robert Rauschenberg inspired by?

Rauschenberg saw the work of Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso for the first time here. He was so passionately inspired he often painted directly with his hands.

How is assemblage art made?

assemblage, in art, work produced by the incorporation of everyday objects into the composition. Although each non-art object, such as a piece of rope or newspaper, acquires aesthetic or symbolic meanings within the context of the whole work, it may retain something of its original identity.

Is Robert Rauschenberg an abstract Expressionist?

Artist Bio



Robert Rauschenberg, along with Jasper Johns and Cy Twombly, broke the stylistic and conceptual dominance of abstract expressionism in the 1950s and expanded the horizons of art.



Who is considered the father of Impressionism?



Camille Pissarro

Camille Pissarro (1830–1903) is one of the most celebrated artists of 19th-century France and a central figure in Impressionism.

What era did Robert Cottingham work in?

In the late 1960s, he started using photography in his painting practice. His first solo show was in 1971 at the OK Harris Gallery in New York. In 1990, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate Academician, and became a full Academician in 1994.

Who painted Spoliarium?

The Spoliarium is a painting by Filipino painter Juan Luna. Luna, working on canvas, spent eight months completing the painting which depicts dying gladiators. The painting was submitted by Luna to the Exposición Nacional de Bellas Artes in 1884 in Madrid, where it garnered the first gold medal.

How do I paint like Rauschenberg?


Quote from video: And architecture the edge between sculpture. And painting the edge between sculpture. And the moving image. So this was actually a really really important painting flash sculpture for me.

Why is Rauschenberg important?

Rauschenberg is perhaps best known for two bodies of work, his Combines of the 1950s and his silkscreen paintings, which he began in the early 1960s. These works preceded and helped inspire pop art as well as an increased blurring and retooling of the various media of the visual arts.

Why did Robert Rauschenberg create his work?

Rauschenberg believed that painting related to “both art and life. Neither can be made.” Following from this belief, he created artworks that move between these realms in constant dialogue with the viewers and the surrounding world, as well as with art history.

Why did Rauschenberg make beds?

The story goes that Rauschenberg used his own bedding to make Bed, because he could not afford to buy a new canvas. “It was very simply put together, because I actually had nothing to paint on,” he reflected years later, in 2006. “Except it was summertime, it was hot, so I didn’t need the quilt.



How is assemblage art made?

assemblage, in art, work produced by the incorporation of everyday objects into the composition. Although each non-art object, such as a piece of rope or newspaper, acquires aesthetic or symbolic meanings within the context of the whole work, it may retain something of its original identity.

Who was Robert Rauschenberg influenced by?

Rauschenberg saw the work of Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso for the first time here. He was so passionately inspired he often painted directly with his hands.

What was Andy Warhol known for?

Andy Warhol was a successful magazine and ad illustrator who became a leading artist of the 1960s Pop art movements. He ventured into a wide variety of art forms, including performance art, filmmaking, video installations and writing and controversially blurred the lines between fine art and mainstream aesthetics.

Why is Andy Warhol art famous?

He achieved mainstream fame in the early 1970s by rubbing shoulders with stars at Studio 54, many of whom became the subjects of his portraits including Mick Jagger and Liza Minnelli. Warhol understood that visibility was the key to fame: being seen in the right place, at the right time, with the right people.

What did Andy Warhol create?

In 1961, Warhol created his first pop paintings, which were based on comics and ads. Warhol’s 1961 Coca-Cola [2] is a pivotal piece in his career, evidence that his transition from hand-painted works to silkscreens did not happen suddenly.



Why did Andy Warhol paint Marilyn Monroe?

Warhol made his first Marilyn painting in 1962



The actress died on 5 August 1962 after taking an overdose of sleeping pills. The news of her death inspired Warhol to create his first Marilyn silkscreen paintings later that month.

How did Andy Warhol create Pop art?

He used photographic silkscreen printing to create his celebrity portraits. This meant he could directly reproduce images already in the public eye, such as publicity shots or tabloid photographs. The technique also allowed him to easily produce multiple versions and variations of the prints.